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Mosquitoes

Mosquitoes belong to the same group as the true flies, Diptera. As such, they have a single pair of wings. They typically have long, thin legs and a head featuring a prominent proboscis. Mosquito bodies and wings most often are covered in tiny scales. Adult sizes may range from 3 to 9 mm.

We all know how painful and irritating mosquito bites can be. Somehow, no matter how many you manage to swat, there always seem to be a few that manage to get through to give you a nasty, itchy bite or two.

Worried about mosquitoes? Contact us on 0718 938 998 to book an appointment.

 Annoying signs of mosquito activity include the buzzing of the females and their bites. People have differing reactions to bites, ranging from mild irritation to intense inflammation and swelling. Another giveaway for mosquitoes are the presence of mosquito nymphs in standing water, such as watering dishes of potted plants.
Wondering why your house is infested by mosquitoes?
  • Mosquitoes breed in standing water, so properties near ponds, marshes, and depressions that collect rainwater are at risk. Some mosquito species are active at different times of the day, but most emerge just before dusk and are active at night.
  • Mosquitoes might also be attracted to your lawn or shrubbery if it is well watered.

Our certified technicians are experts in the behaviour of  mosquitoes. We provide the best treatment for your particular problem as well as advice on how to keep these insects at bay. Contact us on 0718 937998

Mosquito Prevention

  • Keep windows closed – After dark, keep windows and doors closed or block out the light with curtains.
  • Window screens – Fit fly screens to windows.
  • Clear up – Clear up dead mosquitoes, as they provide a tasty snack for other pests such as carpet beetles.
  • Cover water – Cover water butts with well fitted lids to prevent mosquito larvae in the water.
  • Eliminate standing water – Do not leave standing water (in watering cans for example) as this gives mosquitoes a good place to breed.
  • Encourage natural predators – If you have a garden pond, think about getting some goldfish as they will eat mosquito larvae.
  • Natural repellents – Try natural repellents such as citronella, neem oil, peppermint oil, lemon eucalyptus oil, witch hazel, garlic, lavender and vanilla extract.

While prevention methods are effective, the mosquito treatment plan may require using chemical products to supplement source reduction.

Mosquito Species

There are many species of mosquitoes, which can be found all around the world. The female species is responsible for the irritating bites we suffer from and these bites can also carry fatal diseases.

Read more about the lifecycles and habits of different types of mosquitoes below.

Anopheles Mosquito

(Anopheles SPP.)

The Anopheles mosquito is responsible for transmitting malaria.

Appearance

  • Adult – pale and dark marks on its wings and resting 45 degree angle to the surface.
  • Larval rest parallel to surface of the water.
  • Egg is about 1mm long and has floats on its sides.

Life Cycle

  • Egg to adult stage takes 6 – 10 days.
  • Complete metamorphosis – egg, larval, pupa and adult.

Habits

  • Habitat – prefer clean and unpolluted water.
  • Biting rhythm – bite at night and rest indoor and outdoor (depends on species).
  • Prefer darker colours.
  • Female with one blood meal can lay 50 – 150 eggs.

Aedes Mosquitoes

(Aedes Aegypti)

The bites from an Aedes mosquito peak at the change of light intensity (after sunrise and before sunset).

Appearance

  • Adult has black and white markings.
  • Larval rest 45 degree from the surface of the water.
  • Egg is black in colour and shape like a rugby ball.

Life Cycle

  • Egg to adult stage takes 6 – 8 days.
  • Complete metamorphosis – egg, larval, pupa and adult.

Habits

  • Habitat – container breeder especially man-made containers with clean water.
  • Prefer darker colours like black and red.
  • Can fly short distance (50 – 100m).

Culex Mosquito

(Culex Tritaeniorhynchus)

Culex mosquitoes are the main vector for Japanese B – Encephalitis

Appearance

  • Adult – thorax, legs and veins on the wings are always covered with brown scales. Dull in colour. The tip of the abdomen is always blunt.
  • Larval rest 45 degree from the surface of the water.
  • Egg is brown, long and cylindrical, vertical on water surface, cemented in a raft of 300 eggs. Raft usually 3 – 4mm long and 2 – 3mm wide.

Life Cycle

  • Egg to adult stage takes 6 – 10 days.
  • Complete metamorphosis – egg, larval, pupa and adult.

Habits

  • Habitat – mainly breed in polluted stagnant water and drains.
  • Biting rhythm – bite at night and usually rest indoor before and after the blood meal. Sometimes they may rest outdoor.
  • Prefer darker colours.
  • Long distance fliers.

Biting Midge

(Culicoides impunctatus)

Appearance

  • Small flying insect.
  • Adult midges are about 1.5 – 4.0mm long.

Life Cycle

  • Lifespan of 20 to 30 days.
  • Hatched from eggs.
  • Egg batches contain between 30-100 eggs.
  • 1 to 2 day larvae stage.

Habits

  • Lives near lakes and ponds, rivers and streams and general wetlands.
  • Feeds on blood.
  • Tendency to swarm.
  • Most active at dusk and dawn.

Dark Winged Fungus Gnat

(Family Sciaridae)

The Dark Winged Fungus Gnat can cause damage to the root of plants.

Appearance

  • Adult – 5 – 7mm. Grey/black bodies.
  • Larvae up to 5.5 mm long. White, shiny black heads and transparent.

Life Cycle

  • Females lay up between 100 and 300 eggs, which hatch in 4 to 6 days.
  • The larvae feed for 12 to 14 days.
  • The pupal stage lasts about 6 days.
  • Adults live about 7 to 10 days.

Habits

  • Larvae can injure the roots of bedding plants.
  • They are poor fliers and can generally be seen running across plant surfaces.